Dr. Steven Shaver

MD, PhD, FRCSC

Dr. Steven Shaver has been a practicing
eye specialist and physician within the
Comox Valley for over 20 years.

Education
  • University of Ottawa - Residency in Ophthalmology, Medical/Surgical Internship - Ottawa, ON

  • McMaster University - M.D. - Hamilton, ON

  • Queen’s University - Ph.D., M.A. (Neuroscience) - Kingston, ON

  • Trent University - B.A., B.Sc. (Honours) - Peterborough, ON

Board Certification
  • Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Professional Affiliations
  • Canadian Ophthalmological Society

  • Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

  • British Columbia Medical Association

  • American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons

Academic Awards
  • Andrew McGhie Memorial Doctoral Thesis Award, Queen’s University

  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Postgraduate Scholarship

  • Best Basic Science Presentation, Department of Surgery Research Day, Queen’s University

  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Postgraduate Scholarship

  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Summer Research Studentship

  • Proficiency Prize, Trent University

  • J. Paul Scott Memorial Prize, Trent University

  • Trent University Tuition Scholarship

  • NSERC Summer Research Studentship

  • Proficiency Prize, Trent University

  • Gray Scholarship, Trent University

  • Trent University Scholarship

Presented Papers at Conferences
  • Shaver, S.W., Ramm, P., and Beninger, R.J.  Differential effects of D1 and D2 Dopamine receptor subtype‑specific an­tagonists on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 12:1409, 1986.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wise, L.Z., and Frost, B.J.  Frequency or­ganisation of the auditory midbrain in the bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus).  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 13:543, 1987.

  • Gross, P.M., Pang, J.J., and Shaver, S.W.  Capillary density and glucose metabolism in baroreceptor subnuclei of rat NTS.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14:503, 1988.

  • Gross, P.M., Pang, J.J., Wainman, D.S., Shaver, S.W., and Kadekaro, M.  Subregional microvascular and metabolic features of the rat area postrema.  Physiologist, 31(4):A21, 1988.

  • Pang, J.J., Sposito, N.M., Shaver, S.W., Kadekaro, M., and Gross, P.M.  Topography of capillaries and glucose metabo­lism within subregions of rat area postrema and subfornical organ.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14:1177, 1988.

  • Shaver, S.W., Kadekaro, M., and Gross, P.M.  Metabolic mapping of the dorsal vagal complex in dehydrated rats.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14:1177, 1988.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wainman, D.S., Ferguson, A.V., and Gross, P.M.  Brainstem metabolic correlates of the depressor response to area postrema stimulation in rats.  Physiologist, 31(4):A73, 1988.

  • Wainman, D.S., Shaver, S.W., Ferguson, A.V., and Gross, P.M.  Metabolic activation of efferent pathways form the rat area postrema.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14:503, 1988.

  • Wise, L.Z., Frost, B.J., and Shaver, S.W.  Spatial and frequency response characteristics of neurons in the midbrain of the saw‑whet owl (Aegolius acadicus).  Canadian Audiological Association, 1988.

  • Wise, L.Z., Frost, B.J., and Shaver, S.W.  The repre­sentation of sound frequency and space in the midbrain of the saw‑whet owl (Aegolius acadicus).  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14:1095, 1988.

  • Gross, P.M., Joneja, M.G. Pang, J.J. Wainman, D.S., and Shaver, S.W.  Morphometry of a short-loop portal system between the neural and anterior lobes of the rat pituitary gland. Physiology Canada 19, 1989.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S.. Ferguson, A.V.,  and P.M. Gross.  Metabolic activation of the hypothalamus and pituitary neural lobe during electrical stimulation of the rat area postrema.  3rd Annual Meeting of the Ontario Chapter, Canadian Hypertension Society, Ottawa, 1989.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wainman, D.S., Wall, K.M., Ferguson, A.V., and P.M. Gross.  Hypothalamic and pituitary metabolism activated by electrical stimulation of the area postrema.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 15:1080, 1989.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., Pang, J.J., and Gross, P.M..  Differences in capillary function and structure in subregions of the rat medulla oblongata.  Physiology Canada 20:154, 1989.

  • Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., Shaver, S.W., and Gross, P.M..  Uncoupling of cerebral glucose metabolism and blood flow in conscious rats with chronic renal hypertension: A noradrenergic mechanism involving locus coeruleus?  Physiology Canada 20:166, 1989.

  • Gross, P.M., Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., and Wainman, D.S..  Focal lesions of the blood-brain barrier in rats with chronic renal hypertension.  13th Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Hypertension, Montreal, Quebec, 1990.

  • Seth, R., Wall, K.M.,. Wainman, D.S, Shaver, S.W., and Gross, P.M..  Pressor response to electrical stimulation of nucleus tractus solitarius in rats.  Ontario Chapter, Canadian Hypertension Society, Kingston, Ontario, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Pang, J.J., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., and Gross, P.M..  Subregional topography of capillaries in the median eminence and arcuate nucleus of rats.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 16: 573, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., and Gross, P.M..  Quantitative analysis of blood-brain barrier dysfunction in renal hypertensive rats.  Ontario Chapter, Canadian Hypertension Society, Kingston, Ontario, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., Pang, J.J., and Gross, P.M..  Differentiation of capillary networks among individual nuclei of the rat medulla oblongata. First Craigie Conference on Brain Capillaries, Toronto, Ontario, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., and Frost, B.J.. Multisensory neurons in the midbrain of the pigeon. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 17: 338, 1991.

  • Shaver, S.W., Telford, L., and Frost, B.J.. The role of stereoscopic depth in centrally-mediated linear vection.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 32:696, 1991.

  • Gross, P.M, Joneja, M.G., Pang, J.J., Polischuk, T.M., Shaver S.W., and Wainman D.S. Craigie's discovery of capillary shunts and portal venules in the pituitary gland: confirmation by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion cast replicas.  Second Craigie Conference on Brain Capillaries, Montreal, 1992.

  • Shaver, S.W., Beninger, R.J., Lawler, H.M., Wainman, D.S., Weaver, D.F., Espinosa, F.J. and P.M. Gross.  Metabolic activation of the vestibulo-oculomotor system by intraventricular endothelin-1: Mediation by calcium L-channels.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1992.

  • Shaver, S.W., Beninger, R.J., Lawler, H.M., Wainman, D.S., Weaver, D.F.,. Espinosa, F.J, and Gross, P.M..  Metabolic activation of the vestibulo-oculomotor system by intraventricular endothelin-1: Mediation by calcium L-channels.  Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1992.

  • Shaver, S.W., Telford, L., and Frost, B.J.. The roles of visual field locus, display size, and relative depth cues in linear vection. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 33:1145, 1992.

  • Shaver, S.W., Gilberg, S., McCluskey. S., Britton, W. Agapitos, P. Severe Ocular Injury Resulting from Orthodontic Headgear. A Case Report. Canadian Ophthalmological Society, 1998.

  • Shaver, S.W., El-Defrawy, S., Shaver, B., and Mintsioulis, G.M.,  YAG capsulotomy rates with polymethylmethacrylate, polyacrylic and silicone intraocular lens implants following cataract surgery.  The Canadian Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 1999.

Journal Articles
  • Shaver, S.W., Kadekaro, M., and Gross, P.M.  High metabolic activity in the dorsal vagal complex of Brattleboro rats.  Brain Research, 505:316-320, 1989.

  • Gross, P.M., Wainman, D.S., Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., and Ferguson, A.V..  Metabolic activation of efferent pathways from the rat area postrema.  American Journal of Physiology, 258:R788-R797, 1990.

  • Gross, P.M., Wall ,K.W., Pang, J.J., Shaver, S.W., and Wainman, D.S.  Microvascular specializations promoting rapid interstitial convection in nucleus tractus solitarius.  American Journal Physiology, 259:R1131-R1138, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Kadekaro, M., and Gross, P.M..  Differential rates of glucose metabolism across subregions of the subfornical organ in brattleboro rats.  Regulatory Peptides, 27:37-49, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Kadekaro, M., and Gross, P.M.  Focal metabolic effects of angiotensin and captopril on subregions of the rat subfornical organ.  Peptides, 11:557-563, 1990.

  • Shaver, S.W., Sposito, N.M., and Gross, P.M..  Quantitative fine structure of capillaries in subregions of the rat subfornical organ.  Journal of Comparative Neurology, 294:145-152, 1990.

  • Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., Shaver, S.W., and Gross, P.M.  Uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism in conscious rats with chronic renal hypertension.  Brain Research, 521:333-337, 1990. 

  • Gross, P.M., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., and Shaver, S.W..  Subregional topography of capillaries in the dorsal vagal complex of rats: II.  Physiological properties.  Journal of Comparative Neurology, 306:83-94, 1991.

  • Shaver, S.W., Pang, J.J., Wall, K.M., Sposito, N.M., and Gross, P.M..  Subregional topography of capillaries in the dorsal vagal complex of rats: I. Morphometric properties. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 306:73-82, 1991.

  • Shaver, S.W., Pang, J.J., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., and Gross, P.M..  Morphology and function of capillary networks in subregions of the rat tuber cinereum.  Cell Tissue Research, 267:437-448, 1992.

  • Shaver, S.W., Wall, K.M., Wainman, D.S., and Gross, P.M..  Regional quantitative permeability of blood-brain barrier lesions in rats with chronic renal hypertension.  Brain Research, 579:99-106, 1992.

  • Gross, P.M., Beninger, R.J., Shaver, S.W., Wainman, D.S., Espinosa, F.J., and Weaver, D.F..  Metabolic activation of visuovestibular and oculomotor structures by intraventricular endothelin-1: mediation by calcium L-channels.  Experimental Brain Research, 95:397-408, 1993.

  • Gross, P.M., Joneja, M.G. Pang, J.J., Polischuk, T.M., Shaver, S.W., and Wainman, D.S. Topography of short portal vessels in the rat pituitary gland: a scanning electron microscopic and morphometric study of corrosion cast replicas.  Cell and Tissue Research, 272:79-88, 1993.

  • Wylie, D.R., Shaver, S.W., and Frost, B.J..  The visual response properties of neurons in the nucleus of the basal optic root of the northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus).  Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 43:15-25, 1994.

  • Shaver, S.W., Gilberg, S.M., and McCluskey, S.  Severe ocular injury from orthodontic headgear.  Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 35(4):218-221, 2000.